- National Policy
- ITS at departmental level
- ITS at regional level
- Administrative consultations
- Action Plan for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe - December 2008
- European directive for deployment of ITS - July 2010
- Organisation in France to meet the requirements of the European directive on ITS
- Easyway - Le déploiement à l’échelle européenne
Intelligent Transport Systems have a role to play in the deployment of public transport policies: in the optimisation of the use of networks through multimodality in the transport of people and goods, in the promotion of public transport by means of passenger information and ticketing, in road safety through automated control and road telematics, in the reduction of energy consumption and pollution through traffic management systems and intelligent cooperative vehicles.
The départements manage a large proportion of the French road network and are therefore directly concerned by the ITS. The roads under their responsibility are located in highly varied contexts, ranging from rural areas to completely urbanised areas and, in some areas of rapid peri-urban development, undergo major changes in the type and volume of traffic in just a few years.
Regions are directly concerned by ITS as regional transport organising authorities, in particular for rail transport.
Several of them have taken the initiative to coordinate the creation of multimodal information systems on their territories as well as the interoperability of ticketing systems, etc.
The development of ITS raises a number of issues that fall under the remit of various administrative bodies, which need to coordinate on certain subjects. The transport issues generally facing States usually arise mode by mode: safety, competition and cooperation between stakeholders, financing and nuisance have different technical components and social considerations for road, rail, waterways and sea transport. The first intelligent transport systems (ITS) also developed mode by mode to facilitate exchanges between professions within companies, then between companies and their customers, suppliers and regulatory authorities.
Due to decentralisation, European integration, the need to take into account global problems such as congestion, energy consumption and climate protection, mean that more holistic approaches are required.
In December 2008, the European Commission took a major step to promote the development of Intelligent Transport Systems by publishing its action plan for the deployment of intelligent transport systems in Europe: the aim of this action plan is to accelerate and coordinate the deployment of ITS in road transport, including interfaces with the other modes of transport.
Directive, published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 7 July 2010, outlines a framework aimed at supporting the coordinated and consistent deployment and use of ITS in the Union, in particular across borders between Member States, and lays down the general conditions required for this purpose.
It applies to ITS services and applications in road transport and their interfaces to the other transport modes.
The European directive for the deployment of ITS, published in the official journal of the European Union on 7 July 2010, requires the Member States to conduct several actions according to a clear timetable.
France has taken the measures necessary to meet the requirements of the directive and draw up a consistent national action plan for the deployment of ITS, taking into account the challenges specific to France.
Easyway est un projet de déploiement des ITS à l’échelle européenne, essentiellement sur les grands axes trans-européens (réseau TERN - Trans European Road Network), mené en collaboration par les maitres d’ouvrages routiers et les opérateurs routiers de chaque pays européen et soutenu par la Commission Européenne.